Alcohol and Road Accidents
Driving involves multiple tasks the demands of which can change continuously. ‘Alcohol mixes with our blood and reduces the ability to produce and transmit electrical impulses from the brain to other parts of the body’.
This can impair almost every aspect of information processed by the brain and can cause the following:
- Inefficient physical coordination.
- Delays Reaction Time creating difficulty in dealing with something unexpected on the road.
- Hampers judgment of speed and Distance.
- Impairs vision and creates a sense of false well being to drive.
- Causes Recklessness resulting in high speed driving at times.Drinking of alcohol impairs the necessary skill for driving resulting in accidentsleading to death and casualties.
Driving under the influence of alcohol is dangerous not only for the driver but also for others on the road. Alcohol related motor accident is the most serious and acute consequence of alcohol use. The problem of people driving under the influence of alcohol is faced both by developed and developing countries. A trend which was first noticed in the early 90’s in India has now grown to disturbing proportions killing many, rendering numerous disabled and leaving countless to face the harsh realities of life. This ill affect of alcohol tends to kill users at younger ages as compared to chronic diseases due to regular consumption.
India spends 3% of its GDP on dealing with road traffic crashes, meeting the direct medical costs of treating the injured and on insurance of the accident victims. A staggering 70 % of these accidents are caused due to driving under the influence of alcohol being the largest cause of death in the age group of 21-35 years.
A drunk driver can cause potential harm to the overall ROAD SAFETY of other road users as well leading to accidents, and other forms of misdemeanor (speeding, overlooking traffic signals, wrong driving practices, rapes, murder, road rage etc) on the road.